Inventions and Discoveries

List of Various Inventions and Discoveries in the field of Science and Geography.

Scientific Inventions

Inventor

Invention

Year

Country

AeroplaneWilliam Wright & Oliver Wright (Wright Brothers)1903U.S.A.
Adding MachineBlaise Pascal1642France
AnimationEmile Reynaud1892France
AntisepticDr. Joseph Lister1867England
Artificial HeartWillem John Kolff1957Netherlands
AspirinDr. Felix Hoffman1899Germany
Atomic NumbersMoseley1913Britain
Atomic TheoryDalton1803Britain
Automatic CalculatorWilhelm Schickard1623Germany
BacteriaLeeuwenhock1683Netherlands
Ball Point PenJohn J. Loud1888U.S.A.
Ballistic MissileWemher Von Braun1944Germany
BalloonJacques & Joseph Montgolfier1783France
BarometerEvangelista Torricelli1643Italy
Barometer (Aneroid)W.J Cante1799Italy
BicycleKrikpatrick Macmillan1839Britain
Bicycle TyreJohn Boyd Dunlop1888Britain
Bifocal LensBenjamin Franklin1780U.S.A.
Bleaching PowderTennant1798Britain
CadmiumFriedrich Stromeyer1817Germany
CameraWalker Eastman1888U.S.A
Canned FoodNicolas Appert1804France
Car (Petrol)Karl Benz1888Germany
Car (Steam)Nicolas Cugnot1769France
CarburatorGottlieb daimler1876Germany
Cash RegisterJames Ritty1879U.S.A.
Cassette (Audio)Philips1963Holland
CementJoseph Aspdin1824Britain
Centigrade ScaleA. Celcius1742France
ChemotherapyEhrlich1909Germany
CinemaA. Lumiere & J. Lumiere (Lumiere Brothers)1895France
Circulation of BloodWilliam Harvey1628England
Clock (Mechanical)Hsing and Ling-Tsan1725China
Clock (Pendulum)Christian Huygens1656Netherlands
CT ScanHounsfield1973Britain
Dental PlateAnthony Plantson1817U.S.A.
Diesel EngineRudolf Diesel1895Germany
DynamoMichael Faraday1842England
DynamiteAlfred Nobel1867Sweden
Electric BatteryVolta1800Italy
Electric GeneratorMichael Faraday1831U.K.
Electric IronH.W. Seeley1882U.S.A.
Electric Lamp (Bulb)Thomas Alva Edison1879U.S.A
Electric MotorMoritz Jacobi1834Germany
Electric Washing MachineAlva J. Fisher (Hulxey Machine Company)1908U.S.A.
Electronic CalculatorIBM1954U.S.A
ElectromagnetWilliam Sturgeon1824England
ElevatorElisha G. Otis1852U.S.A.
Fountain PenLewis Edson Waterman1884U.S.A
GramophoneThomas A. Edison1879U.S.A.
HelicopterIgor Sikorsky1939Russsia
Hot Air BalloonJosef & Etienne Montgolfier1783France
InsulinGrederick Banting1923Canada
Jet EngineSir Frank White1937England
Lightening ConductorBenjamin Franklin1752U.S.A.
Locomotive (Steam)Richard Trevithic1804England
Machine GunRichard Gatling1861U.S.A
Match (Safety)J.E. Lundstrom1855Sweden
MicrophoneDavid Hughes1878U.S.A.
MicroscopeZ. Janssen1590Holland
Microswave OvenPercy Spencer1947U.S.A.
MotorcycleGottlieb Daimler1885Germany
PenicillinAlexander Fleming1928England
Photography (Coloured)Gabriel Lippman1857U.S.A
Photography (Roll Film)George Eastman1888U.S.A.
RadarDr. A.H. Taylor & L.C. Young1922U.S.A
RadiumMarie Curie & Pierre Curie1898France
RefrigeratorJames Harrison1851Scotland
RevolverSamuel Colt1835U.S.A.
Rubber (Vulcanised)Charles Goodyear1841U.S.A.
Safety LampHumphry Davy1816England
Safety PinWilliam Hurst1849U.S.A
Steam EngineThomas Savery1639Britain
SubmarineDavid Bushnell1776U.S.A
ThermometerFahrenheit1714Germany
TransistorW. Shockley1958England
TelephoneGraham Bell1876U.S.A.
TelegraphSamuel Morse1832U.S.A.
TelescopeGalileo1593Italy
TeleAboutJohn Logie Baird1926Scotland
Theory of EvolutionCharles darwin1859England
Theory of ReltivityAlbert Einstein1905U.S.A.
TypewriterChristopher Latham Sholes1868U.S.A.
Vaccination (Small Pox)Edward Jenner1796England
X-RayWilhelm K. Roentgen1895Germany
Also Read :   Countries and their Parliaments

Geographical Discoveries

Discovery

Discoverer

Year

Country

AmericaChristohper ColumbusItaly
ChinaMarco Polo1488Italy
Hawaiian IslandCaptain James cook1770England
Hudson BayHenry Hudson1610England
New FoundlandJohn CabotItaly1497
North Pole (Explored)Robert Edwin Peary1909USA
PlanetsJohannes Kepler1609Germany
South Pole (Explored)Amundsen1911Norway
Sea-route to India via the Cape of Good HopeVasco-D-Gama1498Portugal
Solar SystemNicolaus Copernicus1540Poland
Tasmania IslandAbel Tasman1642Dutch